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Reasons to Study Microbiology After 12th: Job Prospects & Scope

The microbiology field in India is rapidly changing; as there is more awareness about its potential application in agriculture, health care, the environment, and industry.

A large number of R&D initiatives, technology-transfer activities, and the creation of sophisticated infrastructure facilities have motivated Indian industries to form new partnerships with the international scientific community.

As Microbiology comprises of many sub-disciplines like virology, mycology, parasitology, and bacteriology. The various state governments are promoting applications of microbiology by setting up biotechnology parks and incubators and are taking initiatives that will help bridge the gap between the laboratory and the field.

Most importantly, the funding for microbiology research, both through government initiatives and the private sector, is increasing. This in itself reflects the faith of the people in this technology.

Through this article we will aware you about why you should consider going for higher studies in Microbiology and also about the most sought-after course like B.Sc. in Microbiology.

Since microbiology has importance in almost all other departments, a microbiologist has the opportunity to work in climate department, food department, pathology department, healthcare department etc. You can also work on various projects launched by the government which is initiated with a view to introducing innovation in the medical field.

Courses in Microbiology after 12th

There are many bachelors, masters and Ph.D. courses are available to pursue in microbiology. Students can start the courses from bachelor level to doctoral courses. Here are some most sought courses in this field:

Bsc. in Microbiology

Bachelor of Science in Microbiology is a three-year undergraduate program in science. The course provides most reachable research tools for the nature of life process. The course deals with many practical problems in the medical and agricultural industry. This course is very much similar to biotechnology.

Eligibility Criteria for this course


You must have passed higher secondary (10+2) with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Other than Biology you can have Zoology or Botany along with Physics and Chemistry

Almost all colleges who offer microbiology honors look for people with 60% or more in their higher secondary course. Seldom is a college that accepts candidates with marks lesser than this cut-off score.

You are required to sit for an entrance examination. Various colleges have different entrances being held.

Career Prospects after Bsc. In Microbiology

There are enormous openings in the Public-sector firms and also in Private sector organizations. Various undertakings abroad also offer employment opportunities for Bachelor of Science in Microbiology graduates. Various higher study options in the field will make them enable to work in several other job profiles as well.

Private Sector Jobs after B.Sc in Microbiology

The private sector provides a lot of job opportunities for Bachelor of Science in Microbiology pass outs. The most common field of work for these aspirants in this sector will be in research organizations. They can opt for the teaching profession as well.

The salary packages will depend on the job profile and the area in which these graduates are working. They can not only work in the fields of Microbiology but also in its allied fields. There are various career openings for these graduates in the fields of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering as well.

The most common job profiles for these people in the Private sector units include:

  • Medical Microbiologists
  • Agricultural Microbiologists
  • Industrial Microbiologists
  • Marine Microbiologists

Government Sector Jobs after B.Sc in Microbiology


Government sector offers a lot of career opportunities for B.Sc in Microbiology pass outs. These graduates need to attend several tests conducted by Government boards to get placed in these Public sector firms. Research fields are a good option for these graduates in the Government sector too. The most common job profile of a graduate in the field is Microbiologist.

The common areas of employment of these graduates in the Government sector include:

Development laboratories


Pharmaceutical Sector

Food Industry

Beverage Units

Chemical Industries

Expected Salary

Those who are working in a government or private sector get handsome remuneration along with perks and other benefits which are revised time to time. Initially, the salary for a fresher in this field starts from Rs12, 000 to Rs20, 000 per month.

For professionals who are working in pharmaceutical industry or biotech labs can draw a salary in between Rs15, 000 to Rs25, 000 per month. Those who are working in teaching profession can earn a salary of Rs15, 000 to Rs20, 000 per month. The salary gets doubled with an experience of 2-3 years. The pay scale depends on the factors such as sector/industry, profile, eligibility and experience of the candidate.

B.Sc in Microbiology pass outs has a great career scope abroad as well as India. They can work on a variety of job profiles like

  • Bacteriologists
  • Industrial Microbiologists
  • Medical Microbiologists
  • Biotechnologist
  • Biomedical Scientist
  • Cell Biologists
  • Geneticists
  • Mycologists
  • Protozoologists
  • Biochemist
  • Immunologists
  • Parasitologists
  • Virologists
  • Environmental Microbiologists
  • Food Microbiologists

Other Courses You Can Opt-in Microbiology


Bachelor’s in Microbiology

Bachelor of Science in Applied Microbiology

Bachelor of Science in Industrial Microbiology

Bachelor of Science in Clinical Microbiology

Masters’ in Microbiology Courses:

Master of Science in Microbiology

Master of Science in Applied Microbiology

Master of Science in Medical Microbiology

Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Microbiology:

Eligibility: Post Graduation, Course Duration: 1 year

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Microbiology

Eligibility: Post Graduation, Course Duration: 3 years

As defined above, Microbiology is a field of expertise, which still needs lot qualified professionals. So, there would never be a dearth of good work opportunities available in this area. That makes it a preferred choice for many students these days.

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